Southwest Jiaotong University School of Mathematics

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"中国国际科技合作奖"获得者Nils Christian Stenseth教授学术报告

来源:统计系   作者:黄磊     日期:2021-04-23 21:16:15   点击数:  


报告题目Evolution and ecology of plague: a wildlife disease of today which changed our history

报告人Nils Chr. Stenseth Professor of Ecology and Evolution at CEES, University of Oslo

报告人主页https://www.mn.uio.no/stenseth

报告时间427日下午16:30-18:00

在线报告

ZOOM ID81218261072

Password:  795833


报告摘要Plague is a disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. It is first and foremost a wildlife disease which occasionally spills over to the human populations. At present a couple of thousand human cases are reported. In the past plague has caused three big human epidemics, the Justinian plague (from about 541 AD), the Black Death (from about 1330 AD) and the third plague pandemic (from about 1880 AD). During the Black Death about 50% of the European human population was killed. The lecture will provide an overview of the ecology and evolution of the plague illustrating the mutual interaction between ecology and evolution (with partly a focus on the dynamics in the wildlife hosts (rodents) as well as between the wildlife host and humans and within the human population); it will discuss how the bacterium is spread from human to human (mostly by human fleas and lice); it will discuss how the bacterium most likely come to Europe in several waves during the Black Death – using both ecological and genetic data; finally the lecture will discuss how genetic changes in the bacterium changes the behavior of the fleas making it, through evolution, be as effective as possible in spreading the bacterium from one (wildlife) host to another host.


报告人简介:

    Nils Christian Stenseth 是挪威奥斯陆大学教授, 长期致力于全球变化生态学与进化生物学研究,为世界生态学发展做出了卓越贡献。他先后当选挪威科学院院士、法国科学院外籍院士、芬兰科学院外籍院士、欧洲科学院院士、美国科学院外籍院士、俄罗斯科学院外籍院士、发展中国家科学院院士。曾任挪威科学院院长、国际生物科学联合会主席。Stenseth 教授发表论文 800 多篇, 包括《科学》 17 篇,《自然》 21 篇,《 PNAS56 篇。 虽然主要是理论生态学家,但 Stenseth 教授的成就包括对海洋生物学、流行病学等跨学科的贡献。他与许多著名的时间序列分析家合作,为他们提供了许多新的统计技术创新的研究领域,从而形成了许多新颖的、有影响力的方法来实证模拟和理解气候和其他因素对种群动态的影响。 COVID 也是 Stenseth 教授尽期主要研究的课题之一。

 值得一提的是, Stenseth 教授是中国的亲密朋友,为中国的科技事业做出了巨大的贡献。 2019年被授予 "中国总理友谊奖"2020 年被习近平主席授予 "中国国际科技合作奖",以表彰他在中国科学发展中发挥的关键作用,以及中国在科学伙伴多元化方面的不断努力。

    本次学术活动由电子科技大学、西南交通大学、贵州省大数据统计分析重点实验室以及四川省现场统计学会联合主办。欢迎广大师生参加。